HIGH OLEIC SOYBEAN — A PREMIUM OIL MARKET COMMERCIAL OPPORTUNITY
Soybean oil has historically been partially hydrogenated to enhance its oxidative stability in order to increase shelf life and improve frying characteristics. This process, however, creates trans-unsaturated fatty acids, or trans fats, which have been demonstrated to raise low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL), both of which contribute to cardiovascular disease. The discovery that dietary trans fats increase the risk of several health issues led the FDA to rule in 2003 that manufacturers be required to include trans fat content information on the “Nutrition Facts” label of foods. In 2015, the FDA took a further step and banned the use of partially hydrogenated oils, the primary dietary source of artificial trans fat in processed foods, by all food manufacturers. The ban has now been implemented by the FDA from June 18, 2018. After the FDA’s 2003 ruling, commodity soybean oil—which leads to high trans fats in foods—lost significant market share to other vegetable oils, such as palm oil and canola oil. Also, in May 2018, World Health Organization (WHO) launched an initiative called REPLACE for global elimination of trans fat in foods by 2023. Other countries including Canada have announced similar bans which is effective from September 2018.
Monounsaturated fats, such as oleic acid, have been linked to reducing LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and raising HDL cholesterols. Diets rich in monounsaturated acids are associated with lower fat mass and decreased blood pressure. High levels of oleic acids can be found in olive, canola, sunflower and safflower oils.
We developed a soybean trait that has produced oils with a fatty acid profile that contains approximately 80% oleic acid, 20% less saturated fatty acids compared to commodity soybean oil and zero transfats.
- 80% oleic acid
- 20% less saturated fat
- Zero trans fats